Referencing

There are a number of standard ways to acknowledge the work of others. The following examples use the Harvard and Vancouver referencing style, which is widely used in universities, colleges and schools.

Citation methods may seem complicated but it is extremely important to acknowledge all your sources, otherwise although you did not intend to cheat you may be accused of plagiarism. Every time you use an idea or include material from another author you should also include a reference to the source, both in the text of your work and at the end in a reference list or bibliography.

Harvard Standard Referencing

Different sources – Books, journal articles, websites (and images from the web) – require you to record different information in this section. The following formats are taken from Cite them right (Pears and Shields,2008).

Book

Within the text: (Crystal, 2006)

Full details: Crystal, D (2006) Words words words, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Journal Article

Within the text: (Dawes and Rowley, 1998)

Full details: Dawes, J and Rowley, J (1998) ‘Enhancing the customer experience: contributions from the information technology’, Management Decisions, 36:6, pp. 350-357.

Websites and Online Material

Within the text: (Rowell, 2008)

Full details: Rowell, G Author(s) last name, initial (2008) Year of publication AMBeR – Generic Penalty Tariff.Title of web page in italics Available at: www.plagiarismadvice.org The website address (Accessed: 17 May 2009The date you looked at the website).

To access the Sussex Downs College Harvard Referencing Guide – click here

Vancouver Referencing

Different sources – Books, journal articles, websites (and images from the web) – require you to record different information in this section.

Book

Within the text: 1

Full details: 1. Crystal, D. Words words words. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2006.

Journal Article

Within the text: 2

Full details: 2. Dawes, J and Rowley, J. Enhancing the customer experience: contributions from the information technology, Management Decisions. 1998; 36(6): 350-357.

Websites and Online Material

Within the text: 3

Full details: 3. Rowell, G. AMBeR – Generic Penalty Tariff ; 2008. www.plagiarismadvice.org (accessed 17 May 2009)  

For more examples of Vancouver Referencing – click here

 

Study Skills